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Unique for its appearance and flavor, mangosteen is often revered as "the Queen" of tropical fruits, particularly in the South-East Asian regions. This exotic, round, purple color fruit is quite popular for its snow-white, juicy, delicious arils all of the Asian countries, and in recent years by the European and American fruit lovers as well!
Botanically, it is the fruit belonging to the family of Clusiaceae, of the genus: Garcinia. Scientific name: Garcinia mangostana. Known as "Mangkhud" in Thai, Thailand is the largest producer and exporter of mangosteens.


Origin:
It commonly found in tropical rainforests of Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines as well as in some cultivated orchards in Sri Lanka, and India, where annual precipitation and relative humidity are favorable for its growth. Fresh purple fruits can be available in the markets from June until October.


Health Benefits:


1. Low Calories:
This fruit is very low in calories (63 calories per 100 g) and contains no saturated fats or cholesterol. Nonetheless, it is rich in dietary fiber (100 g provides about 13% of RDA), which can be very important for individuals who are concerned about putting on excess body weight.


2. Vitamin C:
Mangosteens are rich in vitamin C and contain about 12% RDA per 100g. Being a powerful water-soluble antioxidant, vitamin C provides resistance against flu-like infectious agents and scavenge harmful pro-inflammatory free radicals. Therefore consumption of fruits rich in vitamin C is vital for developing resistance against diseases. Folate plays an important role in fetal development and evolution of new cells in the body. This particular vitamin is vital during pregnancy and protects neural tube effects.


3. Blood flow:
Mangosteen aids in promoting red blood cells and prevents against anemia. It improves the blood flow by causing dilation of blood vessels which helps to protect us against certain diseases like atherosclerosis, high cholesterol, heart congestion and severe chest pains.
By increasing the amount of blood flow to the eye, Vitamin C in mangosteen is effective against cataracts.1000mg Vitamin C per day is said to be effective in curbing cataracts and improving vision.


Reference:
http://foodfacts.mercola.com/mangosteen.html
http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/mangosteen.html
http://www.benefitsofmangosteen.net/
http://www.stylecraze.com/articles/amazing-health-benefits-of-mangosteen/#gref