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Red Delicious apples are bright to deep red in color, oftentimes speckled with faint white lenticels (spots). Its creamy white flesh is slightly crisp and dense offering a mildly sweet flavor and slightly floral aroma.
The Red Delicious apple was discovered as a chance seedling in 1872 on the Iowa farm of Jesse Hiatt. He marketed it under the name Hawkeye and eventually sold the rights to a fruit company known as Stark Brothers. The apple was first renamed Delicious and later on when Stark Brothers discovered another apple and named it Golden Delicious they renamed the Delicious, Red Delicious. The Red Delicious apple saw tremendous commercial success between 1940 and the late 1980’s, with the bulk of the supply coming out of Washington State. Its popularity has declined slightly the past twenty years as consumer interest has swayed to new varieties as well as towards a renewed interest in heirloom apples.
• The red color of Red Delicious makes it a high antioxidant apple, and a nutritious choice for smoothies and juice.
• Red Delicious was the winner of a competition Stark Brothers Nursery held to replace the Ben Davis variety.
• Despite having similar names and both being apples, Red Delicious and Golden Delicious apples are not closely related.
• Apple growers in Washington State have been producing Red Delicious since the 1920s.
The sweet crunch of the classic Red Delicious apple makes it particularly well suited to fresh uses. The bold color of the skin contributes a striking contrast to other ingredients as well, particularly sliced to add to a green salad or chopped to stir into a chicken salad or coleslaw. Fresh bright flavors such as ginger, chives, and mint go well with Red Delicious apples, while the complex sweetness of honey compliments the apple well, too.
1. Get whiter, healthier teeth
An apple won’t replace your toothbrush, but biting and chewing an apple stimulates the production of saliva in your mouth, reducing tooth decay by lowering the levels of bacteria.
2. Avoid Alzheimer’s
A new study performed on mice shows that drinking apple juice could keep Alzheimer’s away and fight the effects of aging on the brain. Mice in the study that were fed an apple-enhanced diet showed higher levels of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and did better in maze tests than those on a regular diet.
3. Protect against Parkinson’s
Research has shown that people who eat fruits and other high-fibre foods gain a certain amount of protection against Parkinson’s, a disease characterized by a breakdown of the brain’s dopamine-producing nerve cells. Scientists have linked this to the free radical-fighting power of the antioxidants contained therein.
4. Curb all sorts of cancers
Scientists from the American Association for Cancer Research, among others, agree that the consumption of flavonol-rich apples could help reduce your risk of developing pancreatic cancer by up to 23 %. Researchers at Cornell University have identified several compounds – triterpenoids – in apple peel that have potent anti-growth activities against cancer cells in the liver, colon, and breast. Their earlier research found that extracts from whole apples can reduce the number and size of mammary tumors in rats. Meanwhile, the National Cancer Institute in the U.S. has recommended a high fiber intake to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer.
5. Decrease your risk of diabetes
Women who eat at least one apple a day are 28 percent less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those who don’t eat apples. Apples are loaded with soluble fiber, the key to blunting blood sugar swings.